Obviously, an effective teacher will plan for a whole phase or at least year to begin with. The best way to start the four step process to drawing up a lesson plan; would be to begin with a broad overview of the skills, knowledge and desired outcomes for each quarter of the academic year. One can simply plan to make a one page annual summary per subject to be taught. If you are planning for the years work in Language arts classes, for example, you could in your annual draft, plan to start the year with poetry, move onto the novel genre in the second semester, the drama genre in the third semester, and so on.
Step one for any lesson plan would be an outline of the objectives of the lesson, the why of the lesson and its intended outcomes. Your objective would be stated as, for example, by the end of the five lessons, the student will understand the difference in usage between a statement, exclamation, command and a question. In addition, the student will make use of the correct punctuation marks to indicate the different sentence types.
Once you know what work you will be covering in the semester which lies ahead, you can move to weekly and then daily planning. A lesson plan must be a tool to assist you to be thoroughly prepared for the lesson itself. You can decide to spend a week on one topic, for example, an introduction to sentence types; then your weekly plan will simply be further divided into daily objectives and activities.