Obviously, an effective teacher will plan for a whole phase or at least year to begin with. The best way to start the four step process to drawing up a lesson plan; would be to begin with a broad overview of the skills, knowledge and desired outcomes for each quarter of the academic year. One can simply plan to make a one page annual summary per subject to be taught. If you are planning for the years work in Language arts classes, for example, you could in your annual draft, plan to start the year with poetry, move onto the novel genre in the second semester, the drama genre in the third semester, and so on.
Step one for any lesson plan would be an outline of the objectives of the lesson, the why of the lesson and its intended outcomes. Your objective would be stated as, for example, by the end of the five lessons, the student will understand the difference in usage between a statement, exclamation, command and a question. In addition, the student will make use of the correct punctuation marks to indicate the different sentence types.
Step four should take the form of an evaluation of the lessons successes and shortcomings. While the lesson is still fresh in your mind, jot down your observations, note difficulties and areas which will need further clarification the next day. The true value of lesson plans is that one can check at a glance if all the necessary resources are in place for the day or unit or week ahead. Lesson plans must make provision for a variety of activities. Take your childs attention span into account when planning lessons. For example you could begin with a teacher tell approach where you keep explanations brief and repetitive, then pose questions, then move to a pen and paper activity. Thereafter you could move to a computer based task and finish with a worksheet which should assess whether you child has grasped the concept covered.