Lesson plans are an effective tool in the hands of a teacher. If for some reason, a day is disrupted, you can simply refine or combine two lesson plans to cover the following day. A lesson plan must not restrict the flow of learning and teaching. If you have planned to cover a certain amount of work and fail to do so, there will always be an opportunity to move onto the concept in a follow-up lesson. Home school teachers who have difficulty being flexible, would be well advised to plan their work in lesson units and not individual lesson units.
Step four should take the form of an evaluation of the lessons successes and shortcomings. While the lesson is still fresh in your mind, jot down your observations, note difficulties and areas which will need further clarification the next day. The true value of lesson plans is that one can check at a glance if all the necessary resources are in place for the day or unit or week ahead. Lesson plans must make provision for a variety of activities. Take your childs attention span into account when planning lessons. For example you could begin with a teacher tell approach where you keep explanations brief and repetitive, then pose questions, then move to a pen and paper activity. Thereafter you could move to a computer based task and finish with a worksheet which should assess whether you child has grasped the concept covered.
Once you have a broad outline for the year, you would add sub-skills which should be covered each semester. You could in the language arts divide the various punctuation marks and their rules up over four semesters. Your language sub skills such as sentence types would have to be covered with the introduction of a statement requiring a period; a question which must take a question mark and so on. You could progressively add to your planning so that by the last semester you will move to the rules for direct and indirect speech, once all the necessary punctuation marks have been covered.